Basic of Drawing

Basic Tools of Drawing
Basically what you need to draw- 2B pencils and eraser

1.   Pencils

we could see that there were wide array of pencils used in drawing but the common pencils used for beginners is 2B pencils. Yep, the one that we always use :) 
First, graphite pencils are available in many different grades ranging from 9B (softest) to 9H (hardest). Soft graphites have less clay in them and they are darker than H graphites. Hard graphites have more clay and are lighter than B graphites. The usage of pencils varies according to the intensity of the drawings. But a beginners should at least have 2B pencils to start drawing. So, make up your mind and choose your pencil wisely!

2. Drawing paper
Aside of Pencil, we need a paper to draw of course !.The common size of paper used in drawing is A4 but its size could range from –A5 which is the smallest and A0 is the largest. As for the materials, cotton Fiber paper is the most durable paper and can handle eraser the most. Bristol is a cotton fiber based paper known for its durability and versatility which comes in two ply. Lastly, Cellulose Fiber Paper is the most common type of paper used but still maintains its quality. The quality of your drawings depends on the paper's quality. So again, choose wisely !

3. Blending Material
Blending stumps is really helpful in making shadings

      People usually use blending materials to create shadings in their drawing and to make the drawings look realistic. Any textured materials can be the used such as fingers, paper, cotton swabs, art brushes, tortillions and blending stumps. Trust me, this thing is really helpful !

4. Eraser.
a must for the beginners
We made many mistakes while drawing especially beginners. So, eraser is a must ! There is at least 5 types of eraser in drawing for example, the commonly used eraser which is rubber eraser. Next is gum eraser which is softer and hardly tears your paper. This eraser also absorbs the graphite effectively. Next is Kneaded eraser which can be shaped and sculpted into various forms. Vinyl erasers are the toughest eraser and will likely tear the paper. But the eraser can even erase anything including ink. Lastly pencil eraser can be sharpened into a point which makes them ideal for small details. 

Basic Exercises of Drawing

Before you could jump to drawing, you should break the straight lines and basic shapes first :) 

1.   Straight lines and circles
There is no possible ways to completely draw a perfect straight line with bare hands. But it is crucial for us to master the basic before we start drawing shapes.

1) The shortcut is to outline several short lines and make it as a guideline
See the example below J

watch closely- these dots will be a guide for you and make drawing much convenient

2)Then stress the defined lines with brighter color or pencil.

3) It’s done. You will get better over times and gradually you will get your own drawing styles.

#another tips is to draw the outline lightly as it will reduce the visibility of your mistakes


Always practice this and you will get used to it and could draw lines and shapes without the guide of short lines and dots!

More exercises-figure, animals, shapes

    Loosen your hand and always practice drawing shapes until you could draw it properly. It will reduce the stiffness of your hands and make you get used to it.
Lets try it out by drawing a snake: D

1)   Draw a few circles with declining size

2)   Connect it with a line. A simple snake is done !

 now let’s make another one with a slight movement,

1)   Draw a few circles with different size and positions.   

 2)   Connect them. this is the actual exercise, you need to try out with different position and size of the circle. A few practices needed to ensure you got the right arches and angle.

3) You should sketch with free hands. Loosening your hand motion from stiffness is the key.

Now, a glass

1)   For the time being you’re able to draw some geometric shape. So try using rectangle and triangle to create a glass

2)   Gradually you will know when and how to add some details to make it look like a glass. Drawing takes timeJust draw anything in front of you or in your mind for examples a shoes, chair, cat, tables or a spoon. Try to get the right shape and composition.Next, let see how to draw cows
and this is semi half cow :D

oh it;s a square cow !

 a face

1)   Identify the shape of the face whether it is oval, triangle, round or square and draw the shapes.
2)   Then draw a straight line to divide between the lower and upper face. It is where the eyes located.
3)   Make another horizontal line below the middle lines. That is where the mouth belongs.
4)   Look at the sketch and put the rest of the details in. truthfully you need to have imitating skills in drawing as it will make things easier for you.
5)   Thus you should always sketch and imitate other simple drawing or whatever you saw/ have in mind.

Geometric Shapes and Shadows

 Next, we move on to another level of drawing

Start by drawing 3 basic shapes (circle, triangle,square). Pretend that there is a light source directed towards those shapes. 

Try to imagine how they looks like.

 How their shadows goes? 
Try to imitates these shapes below

Try to familiarize yourself with these shapes, you'll get better over time and and you might spend a few weeks working on these shapes. So come back when you're ready for the next lessons.

Now that you master the basics, let jump to another level which is contouring and shading. 


 A good drawing must have the most precise details to make sure that it is similar to the original subject.Basically, artists first drew quick sketches using pen and ink, in which they formulated general ideas and frames rather than focused on details.


Shading can add the value of a drawing. there were 3 types of shading that is:

Hatching- a straight or curved line drawn parallel to each other which give an illusion of a value. The lines were drawn closely together to create a solid tone.

Crosshatching- Is a method which a set of lines crosses and overlaps each other and lines that were drawn close to each other will create much solid tone.

Squirkling -A method that cross squiggles, scribbles and circles together to create a solid tone. This method is great for shading skin as squirkles creates highly smooth texture.

Basic Steps of Drawing
 Video Tutorials

Let's try to watch videos in case you could not catch up with the texts. Videos will guide you on how to draw better because you could learn directly from it.

Let's start with a simple doodle of a cat. Doodle is great for beginners, so aspiring artists should always practice it. 

Try to understand how drawing works, this video will give you better view on how to sketc an outline

Now let's move to the next stage, improve your drawing style by drawing another version of a cat- a cartoon.

After practicing doodling and sketching for a few months, you should be able to proceed to next stage which is life- portrait ! this is a speed drawing video on how to draw realistic cat from A to Z 

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